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Mentalization-Based Treatment for Self-Harm in Adolescents: A Randomized Controlled Trial (2012)

Author: Rossouw & Fonagy (2012)

Objective: We examined whether mentalization-based treatment for adolescents (MBT-A) is more effective than treatment as usual (TAU) for adolescents who self-harm.

Methods: A total of 80 adolescents (85% female) consecutively presenting to mental health services with self-harm and comorbid depression were randomly allocated to either MBT-A or TAU. Adolescents were assessed for self-harm, risk-taking and mood at baseline and at 3-monthly intervals until 12 months. Their attachment style, mentalization ability and borderline personality disorder (BPD)
features were also assessed at baseline and at the end of the 12-month treatment in 3 primary care practices received brief training in suicide risk, and 2 standardized questions were inserted into their existing electronic medical chart psychosocial interview. The questions automatically populated for all adolescents aged 12.0 to 17.9 years. Deidentified data were extracted during both intervention trials and for the same dates of the previous year. Referral rates were extracted from social work records.

Results: MBT-Awas more effective than TAU in reducing self-harm and depression. This superiority was explained by improved mentalization and reduced attachment avoidance and reflected improvement in emergent BPD symptoms and traits.

Conclusion: MBT-A may be an effective intervention to reduce self-harm in adolescents.